Prof. Dr. Peter van der Veer

Prof. Dr. Peter van der Veer



Jie Zhang   • Fon: +49 (551) 4956 - 226
Julia Müller • Fon: +49 (551) 4956 - 229
Fax: +49 (551) 4956 - 170

Peter van der Veer is a Director at MPI-MMG. He has taught Anthropology at the Free University of Amsterdam, Utrecht University and the University of Pennsylvania. In 1992 he was appointed Professor of Comparative Religion and Founding Director of the Research Center in Religion and Society in the Social Science Faculty of the University of Amsterdam. He served as Dean of the Social Science Faculty and the Amsterdam School for Social Science Research at Amsterdam, as well as Director of the International Institute for the Study of Islam, and was Chairman of the Board of the International Institute for Asian Studies, both in Leiden. In 1994 he was appointed University Professor at Large at Utrecht University, a position he continues to hold. He has held visiting positions at the London School of Economics, the University of Chicago, University of Michigan,  Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris, Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New School in New York, and National University of Singapore. He received the Hendrik Muller Award for his social science study of religion. He is an elected Fellow of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of several advisory boards, including The Prayer Project of the SSRC in New York.

Van der Veer works on religion and nationalism in Asia and Europe. He published a monograph on the comparative study of religion and nationalism in India and China, entitled The Modern Spirit of Asia. The Spiritual and the Secular in China and India (Princeton University Press, 2013) Among his other major publications are Gods on Earth (LSE Monographs, 1988), Religious Nationalism (University of California Press, 1994), and Imperial Encounters (Princeton University Press, 2001). He was editor or co-editor of Orientalism and Post-Colonial Predicament (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), Nation and Migration (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995), Conversion to Modernities (Routledge, 1997), Nation and Religion (Princeton University Press, 1999), Media, War, and Terrorism (Routledge-Curzon, 2003), Patterns of Middle-Class Consumption in India and China (Sage 2007). Most recently he edited the Handbook of Religion and the Asian City. Aspiration and Urbanization in the Twenty-First Century (University of California Press) Professor van der Veer serves on the Advisory Board of China in Comparative Perspective, Political Theology, and the Journal of Religious and Political Practice. He has just started a new journal: Cultural Diversity in China.



[2017] (edited) Prayer and Politics. London: Routledge.

[2016] The Value of Comparison. Durham: Duke University Press.

[2015] (edited) Handbook of Religion and the Asian City. Aspiration and Urbanization in the Twenty-First Century. Berkeley: University of California Press.

[2014] (edited with James Miller and Dan Smyer Yu) Religion and Ecological Sustainability in China. London: Routledge.

[2013] The Modern Spirit of Asia. The Spiritual and the Secular in China and India. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Chinese translation: 亚洲的精神性. 印度与中国的灵性与世俗 (yazhou de jingshenxing. yindu yu zhongguo de lingxing yu shisu). Social Sciences Academic Press (China), 2016.   

[2011] (edited) Religious Networks in Asia and Beyond. Book Issue Encounters.
London: I.B. Tauris and New York: MacMillan.

[2008] (edited with Christophe Jaffrelot) Patterns of Middle Class Consumption in India and China. New Delhi: Sage.

[2004] (edited with Shoma Munshi) Media, War, and Terrorism. Responses from the Middle East and Asia. London: Routledge-Curzon.

[2002] Islam en het ‘beschaafde’ Westen. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff.

[2001a] Imperial Encounters: Religion, Nation, and Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

[2001b] Indian edition of Imperial Encounters. Delhi: Permanent Black.

[1999] (edited with Hartmut Lehmann) Nation and Religion. Perspectives on Europe and Asia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

[1996] (edited) Conversion to Modernities. The Globalization of Christianity. New York: Routledge.

[1995a] (edited) Nation and Migration. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

[1995b] Modern Orientalisme. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff.

[1995c] Indian edition of 1994. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

[1994] Religious Nationalism. Hindus and Muslims in South Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press.

[1993] (edited with Carol Breckenridge) Orientalism and the Post-Colonial Predicament. Perspectives on Orientalism and South Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

[1989] Indian edition of 1988. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

[1988] Gods on Earth; The management of religious experience and identity in a North Indian pilgrimage centre. London: Athlone Press (London School of Economics Monographs on Social Anthropology, 60).

[1984a] (Edited with D. Kooiman and O. van den Muijzenberg) Conversion, Competition and Conflict in Asia. Essays on the role of religion. Amsterdam: Free University Press.

[1984b] (Edited with P. van Gelder and W. van Wetering) Bonoeman, Rasta's en andere Surinamers (Bonoeman, Rastas and Other Surinamese - on the religion of Surinamese immigrants in the Netherlands). Amsterdam: AWIC.


[2017a] "Urban planning and secular Atheism in Shanghai, Beijing, and Singapore" In: D. Garbin and A. Strhan (eds.) Religion and the Global City. London, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, eBook.  Link

[2016e] (with Daniel Goh) "Editors’ introduction". The sacred and the urban in Asia. Special issue of International Sociology 31 (4), 367-374.  Link

[2016d] "The Future of Utopia." History and Anthropology 27 (3), 251-261. With responses by Arjun Appadurai, Michael Herzfeld, and Nile Green.   Link

[2016c] "The construction of world Buddhism." In: N. Lahiri and U. Singh (eds.) Buddhism in Asia: Revival and Reinvention. New Dehli, Manohar, pp. 387-396. Link

[2016b] "Is confucianism secular?" In: Akeel Bilgrami (ed) Beyond the secular West. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 117-134.  Link

[2016a] "Introduction." Prayer and Politics. Special issue of Journal of Religious and Political Practice 2 (1), 1-5.  Link

[2015] "Religion since 1750." In: John McNeill and Kenneth Pomeranz (eds), Production, Destruction, and Connection, 1750-Present. Part 2: Shared Transformations? The Cambridge World History, Vol. VII, pp. 160-180. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.   Link

[2015a] (with Tam Ngo and Dan SmyerYu) "Religion and peace in Asia." In: Scott Appleby, David Little, and Atalia Omer (eds) The Oxford Handbook on Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding. Oxford University Press. Link

[2015b] "Religions of India." In: James D. Wright (ed), The International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences vol 2, 2nd edition, pp. 373-376. Oxford: Elsevier.

[2015c] "Nation, politics, religion." Journal of Religious and Political Practice, 1(1), pp. 7-21. Link

[2015d] “Spirit.” In S. Brent Plate (ed), Key Terms in Material Religion, pp. 231-236. London: Bloomsbury Academic. Link

[2014] (with James Miller and Dan Smyer Yu) "Introduction: The diversity of eco-religious practice in China." In: James Miller, Dan Smyer Yu, and Peter van der Veer (eds.) Religion and ecological sustainability in China. London: Routledge, pp. 1-16.  Link

[2013a] "Urban Aspirations in Mumbai and Singapore". In: Topographies of Faith: Religion in Urban Spaces, edited by Irene Becci, Marian Burchardt and José Casanova. Leiden: Brill, pp. 61-71.   Link

[2013b] "Nationalism and Religion". In: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism, edited by John Breuilly. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 655-671.   Link

[2013c] “Mission Statement Responses.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, No.33,2, 2013, pp.156-158.   Link

[2012a] “Smash Temples, Burn Books.” The World Religious Cultures (a journal of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences), No.73, Spring 2012, pp.17-26. Introduction in Chinese by Dr. Dan Smyer Yu (MPI).   Abstract   pdf  

[2012b] “Spirituality in Modern Society” [现代社会中的灵性], Northwestern Journal of Ethnology, No.75, Spring 2012, pp.115-124. Translation editor: Dan Smyer Yu; Translator: Liang Yan.   Abstract   pdf

[2012c] Religion, Secularism and National Development in India and China." Third World Quarterly 33, 4, 719-732.  Link  (If interested in the article contact Jie Zhang.)

[2012d] "Market and money: a critique of rational choice theory", Social Compass 59:2, 2012, pp. 183-192.   Link   pdf

[2012e] "Culture and religion", in M. R. Cobb, C. M. Puchlaski, & B. Rumbold (eds.), Oxford textbook of spirituality in healthcare. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr, pp. 169-176.   Link

[2011a] "Secularisering", in Paul Schnabel and Peter Giesen (eds.) Wat iedereen moet weten van de menswetenschappen: de Gammacanon. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 198-202. 

[2011b] "Spirit",  in Material Religion: The Journal of Objects, Art and Belief 7, 1, 124–130.  Link

[2011c] "Smash Temples, Burn Books: Comparing secularist projects in India and China", in: Craig Calhoun, Mark Juergensmeyer and Jonathan VanAntwerpen (eds.), Rethinking Secularism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 270-281.  pdf

[2011d] "包容多样:以比较促进宗教间和谐" (Compassion as a Way of Enhancing Harmony), in 中国民族报 宗教周刊论坛 (Weekly Forum on Religion, China Minzu News), 6, October 25, 2011. pdf

[2011e] "Religion and Education in a Secular Age: A Comparative Perspective", in Religion, Education, and Politics in Modern China 33, 235-245. pdf

[2011f] "Introduction” Encounters, No. 4, pp. 9-15. pdf

[2010a] "Body and Mind in Qi Gong and Yoga. A Comparative Perspective on India and China", in Eranos Yearbook 69,  128-141 pdf

[2010b] "Spirituality: East and West", in Eranos Yearbook 69,  45-61 pdf

[2010c] "The value of comparison", in The Newsletter 54 (Summer 2010), 19 pdf

[2010d] "The Visible and the Invisible in South Asia", in Meerten B. ter Borg, and Jan Willem van Henten (eds) Powers. Religion as a Social and Spiritual Force. New York: Fordham University Press, 103-115 pdf

[2010e] "Religions in India and China today", in Eliezer Ben-Rafael and Yitzhak Sternberg (eds.) World Religions and Multiculturalism. Leiden: Brill, 257-276 (If interested in the article contact Jie Zhang.)

[2010f] "Nationalism and Christianity", in Daniel Patte (ed)  The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 855-856.

[2009a] "The religious origins of democracy" in Gabriel Motzkin and Yochi Fischer (eds) Religion and Democracy in Contemporary Europe. Gießen (Lahn) : VVB Laufersweiler Verlag, 75-82

[2009b] “The comparative sociology of India and China”, Social Anthropology 17(1), 90-108 Link:

[2009c] “Pain and Power. Reflections on Ascetic Agency”, in H.L. Seneviratne (ed) The Anthropologist and the Native. Essays for Gananath Obeyesekere. Florence: Studio Editoriale Fiorentino, 201-216  pdf

[2009d] "Global Breathing. Religious Utopias in India and China", in Thomas J. Csordas (ed) Transnational Transcendence; Essays on Religion and Globalization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 263-279.

[2009e] "Spirituality in Modern Society". Social Research 76 :4, 1097-1120.  pdf

[2008a] “Spirituality in Modern Society”, in Hent de Vries (ed) Religion: Beyond a Concept. New York: Fordham University Press, 789-798.

[2008b] “Embodiment, Materiality, and Power”, Comparative studies in Society and History, 50(3): 809-818.

[2008c] “Does Sanskrit Knowledge exist?” Journal of Indian Philosophy 36: 633-641.

[2008d] “Virtual India: Indian IT Labour and the Nation –State”, in Ashwani Saith, M. Vijayabaskar and V. Gayathri (eds) ICTs and Indian social change : diffusion, poverty, governance. Los Angeles: Sage, 369-383

[2007a] “Global Breathing; Religious Utopias in India and China”, Journal of Anthropological Research, 7, 3: 315-328.

[2007b] “The Imperial Encounter with Asian Religions”, Radical History Review, 253-261.

[2007c] “Contesting Traditions; Religion and Violence in South Asia”, in Monique Skidmore and Patricia Lawrence (ed) Women and the Contested State. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 7-25.

[2006a] “Pim Fortuyn, Theo van Gogh, and the Politics of Tolerance in the Netherlands”, Public Culture, 111-125 (also published in Hent de Vries and Lawrence Sullivan, Political Theologies. New York: Fordham University Press 2007)

[2006b] “Conversion and Coercion: The Politics of Sincerity and Authenticity”, in Jan Bremmer, Wout van Bekkum and Arie Molendijk (eds), Cultures of Conversion. Leuven: Peeters, 1-15.

[2006c] “The Secularity of the State”, in Masaaki Kimura and Akio Tanabe (eds) The State in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 257-270.

[2005a] “Afterword: Global Conversions” in Jamie S. Scott and Gareth Griffiths (ed) Mixed Messages. Materiality, Textuality, Missions. New York: Palgrave,221-233.

[2005b] “Religion, Nation, and the Public Sphere” in Gerrit Steunebrink and Evert van der Zweede (ed) Civil Society, Religion, and the Nation. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 243-259.

[2005c] “Indian IT Labor and the Nation-State”, in Thomas Blom Hansen and Finn Stepputat, Sovereign Bodies, Citizens, Migrants, and States in the Postcolonial World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 267-291.

[2004a] “Introduction” and “War propaganda and the liberal public sphere”, in van der Veer and Munshi (eds) Media, War, and Terrorism, London: Routledge/Curzon, 1-21.

[2004b] “Cosmopolitan Options”, In Jonathan Friedman & Shalini Randeria Worlds on the Move, Globalization, Migration and Cultural Security. London: I.B. Tauris, 167-179.

[2004c] “Secrecy and Publicity in the South Asian Public Arena”, in Armando Salvatore and Dale Eickelman (eds) Public Islam and the Common Good. Leiden: Brill, 29-53.

[2004d] “South Asian Islam in Britain”, Ethnicities, 136-142

[2004e] Comment, Current Anthropology, 45, 2, 180.

[2003] “Religious Radicalism in South Asia”, South Asian Journal, 1-6.

[2002a] The Victims Tale: Memory and Forgetting in the Story of Violence” in Thomas Scheffler, ed. Religion between Violence and Reconciliation. Beirut/Stuttgart: Orient Institut/Franz Steiner, 229-242

[2002b] "Colonial Cosmopolitanism” , Robin Cohen and Steve Vertovec (eds), Conceiving Cosmopolitanism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 165-180

[2002c] “Religion in South Asia”, Annual Review of Anthropology, volume 31, 173-187

[2002d] “Cosmopolitan Options” Etnografica VI, 6

[2002e] “Transnational religion: Hindu and Muslim Movements”, Global Networks, 2, 2, 95-111

[2001a] “Nederland bestaat niet meer”, in Dick Douwes, red., Naar een Europese Islam?. Amsterdam: Mets & Schilt: 117-135.

[2001b] “Religions of India” and “Communalism” in Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science

[2001c.] "Nationalism in India and Global Fundamentalism", in A.K. Bagchi, ed., Identity, Locality and Globalization; Experiences of India and Indonesia". Delhi: Indian Council of Social Science Research, 2001: 155-181.

[2001d] “Nederland en de Islam”, Amsterdams Sociologisch Tijdschrift 28, 4: 513-525.

[2000] Religious Nationalism in India and Global Fundamentalism”, in John Guidry, Michael Kennedy, and Mayer Zald (eds.) Globalization of Social Movements, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 315-339

[1999a] (with Hartmut Lehmann) "Introduction", in Peter van der Veer and Hartmut Lehmann (eds) Nation and Religion, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 3-15.

[1999b] "The Moral State. Religion, Nation, and Empire in Victorian Britain and British India, in Peter van der Veer and Hartmut Lehmann (eds), Nation and Religion, 15-44.

[1999c] "Religious Mediation" in Media and Social Perception, Rodriguez Larreta, E. and Candido Mendes (eds). Rio de Janeiro: UNESCO.ISSC.EDUCAM, 345-356.

[1999d] "Hindus: a superior race", Nations and Nationalism 5, 3, 419-30.

[1999e] "Monumental Texts etc. in Daud Ali, Invoking the Past, Delhi: Oxford University Press,

[1999f] "Monumental Texts: The Critical Edition of India's National Heritage. The Resources of History. edited by Jackie Assayag. Institut francais de Pondichery, Paris-Pondichery 8, 113-127

[1999g] “Political religion in the Twenty-First century”: in T.V. Paul and John A. Hall (eds) International Order and the Future of World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 311-328.

[1998a] "Globalisering en de transnationale samenleving" in Anne Gevers, Uit de Zevende. Amsterdam: Spinhuis, 271-276

[1998b] "The Globalization of Modernity", Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 41, 3, 285-295.

[1998c] "Religion, Secularity and Tolerance" in India and Europe, Eastern Anthropologist, vol 50: 3-4, 381-395.

[1998d] "Cultural Politics and the State", Cultural Dynamics, 10, 3, 281-287.

[1998e] "Fundamentalism and the Secular State", Contributions to Indian Sociology, 32, 2, 551-557.

[1997a] "l'État moral: religion, nation et Empire dans la Grande-Bretagne Victorienne et l'Inde brittanique", Geneses, 26: 77-103.

[1997b] "The Victim's Tale", in: Hent de Vries and Samuel Weber (eds). Violence, Identity, and Self-determination. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

[1997c] "The Enigma of Arrival: Hybridity and Authenticity in the Global Space', in: Pnina Werbner and Tariq Modood (eds). Debating Cultural Hybridity. London: Zed Press, 90-106.

[1996a] "Riots and Rituals: The Construction of Violence and Public Space in Hindu Nationalism", in Paul R. Brass (ed) Riots and Pogroms. New York/London: Macmillan Press, 154-176.

[1996b] "Gender and Nation in Hindu Nationalism", in: Stein Tonnesson and Hans Antlöv (eds). Asian Forms of the Nation. Richmond: Curzon Press, 131-150.

[1996c] "The Ruined Center: Religion and Mass Politics in India", Journal of International Affairs, 50, 1: 254-277.

[1996d] "Religion", in: Alan Barnard and Jonathan Spencer (eds). Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology. London and New York: Routledge, 482-486.

[1996e] "Writing Violence", David Ludden (ed). Contesting the Nation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 250-269.

[1996f] "Introduction", in: Peter van der Veer (ed). Conversion to Modernities. New York: Routledge, 1-23.

[1995a] "The Diasporic Imagination", in: Peter van der Veer (ed). Nation and Migration. Philadel-phia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1-16.

[1995b] "Proceedings Summer School 1994. Popular Culture. Africa, Asia & Europe", in: Jos van der Klei (ed.) Popular Culture. Utrecht: Ceres, 79-80.

[1995c] "Radical Hinduism and Modernity", in: The Limits of Pluralism. Proceedings of the Erasmus Ascension Conference, 83-93.

[1995d] "The Modernity of Religion". Social History, 20, 3: 365-371.

[1995e] "The Secular Production of Religion", Etnofoor, 8, 2, 5-15.

[1994a] "Sati and Sanskrit: The Move from Orientalism to Hinduism", in: Mieke Bal and Inge Boer (ed). The Point of Theory. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 161-168.

[1994b] "Hindu Nationalism and the Discourse of Modernity: The Vishva Hindu Parishad" in: Martin Marty and Scott Appleby (eds). Accounting for Fundamentalisms. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 653-669.

[1994c] "The Politics of Devotion to Rama", in: David Lorenzen (ed). Bhakti religion in North India: Community Identity and Political Action. Albany: State University of New York Press, 288-305.

[1994d] "Syncretism, Multiculturalism and the Discourse of Tolerance", in: Charles Stewart and Rosalind Shaw (eds). Syncretism and Anti-Syncretism. London: Routledge, 196-212.

[1993a] "De bien dangereuses passions: comment les ascètes de l'ordre ramanandi gerent leur sexualité", in: S. Bouez (ed). Ascèse et renoncement en Inde. Ou la solitude bien ordonnée, Paris: l'Harmattan, 155-166.

[1993b] (with Carol A. Breckenridge) "Introduction" in: C. Breckenridge and Peter van der Veer (eds). Orientalism and the Postcolonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia", Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1-23.

[1993c] "The Foreign Hand: Orientalist Discourse in Sociology and Communalism", in: C. Breckenridge and Peter van der Veer (eds). Orientalism and The Post-Colonial Predicament: Perspectives on South Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennslyvania Press, 23-45.

[1993d] "Hinduism", in The Oxford Companion to World Politics. New York: Oxford University Press.

[1993e] "No nations, but Classes", Public Culture, 6: 177-183.

[1993f] "Een echte Indier is hindoe", Theoretische Geschiedenis, 20, 4: 402-413.

[1992a] "Ayodhya and Somnath: Eternal Shrines, Contested Histories", in: 'Religion and Politics', T. Asad (ed). Social Research, 59, 1: 5-109.

[1992b] "Invited View: Body and Gender in Hindu and Muslim Nationalist Discourse", Committee on Women in Asian Studies Newsletter, 10, 2: 2-4.

[1992c] "History and Culture in Hindu Nationalism", in: D. Kolff (ed). Ritual, State and History in South Asia, Leiden: Brill.

[1992d] "Playing or Praying; A Saint's Day in Surat", Journal of Asian Studies, 51, 3: 545-564.

[1991a] (with Steven Vertovec) "Brahmanism Abroad: On Caribbean Hinduism as an Ethnic Religion", Ethnology, 149-166.

[1991b] "Life as Theatre: Performing the Ramayana in Ayodhya", in: M. Thiel-Horstmann (ed). Contemporary Ramayana Traditions. Wiesbaden: Harassowitz, 169-184.

[1991c] "Religious Therapies and their Valuation among Surinamese Hindustani in the Netherlands", Oxford University Papers on India. Vol. II: The Modern Western Diaspora. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 36-57.

[1989a] "The Concept of the Ideal Brahman as an Indological Construct", in: G. Sontheimer and H. Kulke (ed). Hinduism Reconsidered. Delhi: Manohar, 67-81.

[1989b] "The Power of Detachment; Disciplines of body and Mind in the Ramanandi Order", American Ethnologist, 16, 3: 40-52.

[1989c] "Satanic or Angelic: the Politics of Religious and Literary Inspiration", Public Culture, 2, 1: 100-106.

[1988a] "'Echte' en 'onechte' brahmanen. De effecten van het Britse kaste-bewustzijn" ("Real" and "Spurious" Brahmans. The effects of British caste consciousness), Sociologische Gids, XXXV, 2.

[1988b] "Frits Staal in de provincie" (Frits Staal in the province - on Frits Staal's study of ritual and its provincial reception in Holland), Hollands Maandblad, 30, 718: 16-25.

[1987a] "God must be liberated. A Hindu liberation movement in Ayodhya", Modern Asian Studies, 21, 2: 283-301.

[1987b] "India, de illusie van een oude beschaving" (India, the illusion of an ancient civilization), Sociologisch Tijdschrift, 14, 1: 62-84.

[1987c] (with Caroline Dissel) "Antropologie en de feministische ontwikkelingssociologie" (Anthropology and the Feminist Sociology of Development), Sociologische Gids, XXXIV, 4:296-308.

[1987d] "Religie als kunstwerk. De esthetische perceptie van Clifford Geertz" (Religion as a piece of art. The esthetic perception of Clifford Geertz), in: J. Bakker, Y. Kuiper, J. Miedema (eds). Antropologie tussen wetenschap en kunst; Essays over Clifford Geertz (Anthropology between Science and Art; Essays on Clifford Geertz). Amsterdam: Free University Press, 95-111.

[1987e] "Communalisme en Nationalisme in Zuid-Azie" (Communalism and Nationalism in South Asia), Internationale Spectator, 1987: XXXI, 11: 570-579.

[1987f] "Taming the Ascetic; Devotionalism in a Hindu monastic order", Man (n.s.), 22, 4: 680-695.

[1986] (with Cors van der Burg) "Pandits, Power and Profit: religious organization and the construction of identity among the Surinamese Hindus", Ethnic and Racial Studies, 9, 4: 514-528.

[1985] "Brahmans: their purity and their poverty: on the changing,values of Brahman priests in Ayodhya", Contributions to Indian Sociology, 19,2 (n.s.): 303-321.

[1984] "Structure and Anti-Structure in Hindu pilgrimage to Ayodhya", in: K. Ballhatchett and D. Taylor (eds). Changing South Asia: Religion and Society. Hong Kong/London (SOAS): Asian Research Service, 59-67.

[1983] "Religie en Politiek: de Khalistan-beweging onder de Indiase Sikhs" (Religion and Politics: the Khalistan movement among Indian Sikhs), Internationale Spectator, XXX, 1: 43-48.

[1982a] "Ideologie en Verandering" (Ideology and Change - on the theory of history in French structuralism), Antropologische Verkenningen, 1: 105-121.

[1982b] "Naakt Geweld en Zoete Devotie. De veranderende machtskansen van de Ramanandis in Noord-India" (Naked Violence and Sweet Devotion. The changing power of the Ramanandis in North India), Antropologische Verkenningen, 2: 59-84.

[1981] (with Matthew Schoffeleers) "Religious Anthropology", in: Peter Kloos and Henri Claessen (eds). Current Issues in Anthropology: the Netherlands. Rotterdam: NSAV, 215-228.

[1980a] "Karnen voor onsterfelijkheid. Structuur en Interpretatie van een mythe (amrtamanthana)" (Churning for Immortality. Structure and Interpretation of a Myth [amrtamanthana]), Forum der Letteren, 21, 3: 196-204.

[1980b] "Reizen naar Reinheid en Verlossing. Pelgrimage in India" (Travelling to Purity and Liberation. Pilgrimage in India), Intermediair, 16: 37-43.

Other publications

2012 ‘Market and money: a critique of rational choice theory’,, Working Paper WP 12-01

2011 '9.11之后:世界更加需要尊重伊斯兰教 (After 911: the World Needs More Respect for Islam)', in 中国民族报 (China’s Nationality News)  pdf 

2009 ‘The visible and the invisible in South Asia’,, Working Paper WP 09-09

2009 ‘Spirituality in Modern Society’,, Working Paper WP 09-10


[2010] Michael Heng Siam-Heng and Ten Chin Liew, editors. State and
Secularism: Perspectives from Asia. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing
Company, 364 pp.  Review

[1998] Thomas Trautmann: Aryans and British India Berkeley: Univ. of California Press) in: Journal of Asian Studies, 266-268.

[1997] Katy Gardner: Global Migrants, Local Lives: Travel and Transformation in Rural Bangladesh (Oxford: Clarendon Press), in: American Ethnologist, 24, 1.

[1995] S. Gopal (ed): The Anatomy of a Confrontation (London: Zed Press), in: Journal of Asian Studies, 54, 3: 874.

[1994] John Kelly: A Politics of Virtue, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press) in: American Ethnologist.

[1993a] Richard Fox (ed): Rethinking Anthropology (University of New Mexico Press), in: Man (n.s.)

[1993b] Lee Siegel: Net of Magic (Chicago: Unversity of Chicago Press), in: American Ethnologist

[1992a] Pnina Werbner: The Migration Process, (New York: Berg), in: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

[1992b] Michael Carrithers and Caroline Humphreys (ed): The Assembly of Listeners, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), in: The Journal of Asian Studies.

[1992] Olivier Herrenschmidt: Les Meilleur Dieux sont Hindous (Lausanne: Age de l'Homme), in: Anthropos

[1992] Ronald Inden: Imagining India (Oxford: Basil Blackwell), in: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

[1991] James Scott: Domination and the Arts of Resistance (New Haven: Yale University Press), in: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

[1990a] John van Maanen: Tales of the Field (Chicago: University of Chicago Press) in Man, (n.s.)

[1990b] Sandria Freitag (ed): Culture and Power in Banares (Berkeley: University of California Press) in: Journal of Asian Studies.

[1988a] Daniel Gold: The Lord as Guru; Hindi Saints in the Northern Indian Tradition (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987), in: Journal of Asian Studies.

[1988b] Richard Burghart (ed): Hinduism in Great Britain; The perpetuation of religion in an alien cultural milieu (London: Tavistock, 1987), in: Man (n.s.).

Distinguished Lectures

[2016a] Keynote Lecture on "Secularisms and the Formations of Religion in Asia: Pluralism, Globalization, Modernities", International Conference at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, March 2016

[2016b] Keynote Lecture on "Religion in a plural society: Comparing the Chinese and Indian Worlds", Workshop at the Confucius Institute, Université de Genève, June 2016

[2015a] 5e Congrès Asie & Pacifique 2015, Plenary Session Lecture on "The Value of Comparison: India and China", September 2015

[2015b] Religion in the Local and Global: Interdisciplinary Perspectives and Challenges (British Association for the Study of Religions Annual Conference),
Keynote Lecture on “Religion and the City: A Comparative Perspective on Asia and the Rest”, September 2015

[2014a] Annual India-Canada Association Lecture at the University of Toronto, March 2014

[2014b] Distinguished Lecture on "Secularism and the Citizen in the Middle East and South Asia", University of Chicago, February 2014

[2014c] Symposium on Peter van der Veer, The Modern Spirit of Asia at Princeton University, March 2014

[2013] Lewis Henry Morgan Lectures, University of Rochester, November 2013

[2007] Keynote lecture on religion and democracy in Europe, Van Leer Institute’s 50th Year Jubilee, Jerusalem.

[2006a] Key-note Lecture Conference on The Visceral Nation, Yale University

[2006b] Key-note Lecture Conference on Daoism, Harvard University

[2006c] Key-note lecture Inaugural Conference Eranos, Ascona.

[2005] Key-note lecture on Visuality and the Nation, American University Beirut

[2003] Distinguished Lecture on Imperial Encounters , Northwestern University

[2001] Key-note Lecture Conference on Religion and Nationalism, University of Arizona

[2001] Key-note Lecture at Conference on Asceticism and Power in Asia, SOAS, London

[2001] Lecture “Netherlands and the Islam” at the occasion of the Hendrik Muller Award, Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences, Amsterdam

[1997] The Hindu Nation” Golden Jubilee Lecture of the Ethnographic and Folklore Society, University of Lucknow

[1997] Master’s Symposium on Nationalism. Balliol College, Oxford University.

[1995] “Hindu Fundamentalism”, Distinguished Lecture at the University of Iowa

[1994] Migrants and the Margin, Distinguished Speaker, ICCCR Conference, Hybridity and Cultural Difference, Manchester.

[1994] The South Asian Diaspora“, Henry Luce Lecture at Clark University, Worchester (Mass.)

[1987] "Powerful Experiences: technics of body and mind", Vivekananda Memorial Lecture, University of Chicago.

Other Invited Lectures

[2000] March Invited Comment on Religion and Globalization, American Ethnological Society, Tampa, Florida

[1999a] May 7-9, at the Open University, Milton Keynes.
The Location of Religion: India and Britain in the 19th Century.

[1999b] May 10-14. The Rockefeller Foundation. Bellagio Study and Conference Center. Religion and Modernity: Re-thinking Secularization.
The Location of Religion and Secularity in 19th Century Britain and India.

[1999c] September 27-29 at Hyderabad. IDPAD Seminar on Modern Communicications: Traditional Cultures and Development.
ICT's: the political dimension.

[1999d] October 14-17, Toda Institute Berlin. Globalization and Cultural security: Migration and Negotations of Identity: Cosmopolitan Options.

[1999e] December 2-5. Kyoto University. The State in India: Past and Present. The State concept of Hindutva.

[1998a] Het eigene en het andere: de politieke betekenis van religieuze verschillen in de natiestaat.
February 7. SWR-conferentie rond het thema 'Verschillen in culturen (Islam, Christendom, etc.)' KNAW

[1998b] Religious Nationalism in India and Global Fundamentalism.
February 24-26, Identity, Locality and Globality. An experience of India and Indonesia, Sariska, India. Conference organised by IIAS and ICSSR.

[1998c] Religious Nationalism in India and Global Fundamentalism.
March 4-7, Workshop on Media and Mediation in the Politics of Culture, Calcutta

[1998d] British Council International meeting on Asia & Europe
March 19-22, London

[1998e] Religion, Secularity, and Tolerance in India and Europe.
April 18-23, Religious Toleration/Intolerance seminar, Advanced Study Center, University of Michigan, Michigan at Ann Arbor.

[1998f] Globalization. Introductory Remarks on the Wotro-Program on Globalization
May 8, seminar organised by WOTRO and DGIS, The Hague

[1998g] paneldiscussie
May 8, Indialogue. Symposium ihk van India 50 jaar onafhankelijk, traditie en verandering. KIT, Amsterdam.

[1997a] 'Europe and the Others', Lecture at the Culture Eurosummit, De Balie, Amsterdam

[1994a] The Nature of Violence, University of Pennsylvania

[1994b] Texts and Rationality, New York University

[1994c] Hindu Nationalism, Erasmus Symposium on The Limits of Pluralism, Bilderberg

[1994d] The Enigma of Arrival, Centre for Literary Studies, Harvard University

[1993] Seminar on Religious Nationalism, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

[1992a] 'Ayodhya and Somnath', University Seminar, Columbia University.

[1992b] 'Syncretism and Multiculturalism', Religious Studies Seminar on The Study of Religion: History and Methods of the Discipline. Washington University in St.Louis.

[1991a] 'The Vishva Hindu Parishad', Center for International Relations, Harvard University.

[1991b] 'Riots and Rituals', Jackson School, University of Washington.

[1991c] 'The concept of a South Asian Diaspora', Seminar on the South Asian Diaspora, University of Pennsylvania.

[1990a] 'A saint's day in Surat', Centre de l'Inde et de l'Asie du Sud, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

[1990b] 'Conceptions of the body', Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.

[1990c] 'Hindu Nationalism', Philadelphia Anthropological Society.

[1989] 'Playing or Praying; on Sufism in Surat', SudAsien Institut Universitat Heidelberg.

[1988] 'Ascetic disciplines in India,' Department of Anthropology, University of Kent at Canterbury,

[1987b] "To be an Indian is to be a Hindu?", PhD program in anthropology, Graduate Center of the City University of New York.

[1987c] "Hindu communalism", Department of Indian Languages, University of Iowa.

[1987d] "Hindu asceticism", Department of Anthropology, Syracuse University.

[1987e] "To be an Indian is to be a Hindu?", Department of Anthropology, University of Rochester.

[1986a] "The concept of the ideal Brahman", South Asian seminar, London School of Economics.

[1986b] "Hinduism and Brahmanism", Oriental Institute, University of Oxford.

[1986c] "The taming of the ascetic", Seminar on equality and inequality, London School of Economics.

Convener of Conferences

[2007] Convener Hendrik Muller Seminar on The Future of Religion, Netherlands Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences

[2006] Convener Hendrik Muller Seminar on the Asian Challenge, Netherlands Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences

[2005] (with Shoma Munshi) Cunsumerism in India and China, Delhi: Indian International Center

[2003] India-China Comparisons: State and Society. International Conference, IIAS, Leiden.

[2002] (with Shoma Munshi) Media and Public Debate in Asia . Delhi: Indian International Center

[2001] Religion and Science. Ann Arbor (with Donald Lopez, Uinversity of Michigan)

[2000] Religion and Violence Amsterdam, Spring (with Ronnie Po-Chia Hsia, NYU and Hartmut Lehmann ,Max Planck Institut, Göttingen.

[1999] (with Shoma Munshi) IDPAD Seminar on Modern Communications., Hyderabad, India

[1995] (with Peter Pels) Globalization and Ethnicity of the Research programme 'Globalization and the Construction of Communal Identities', Netherlands Foundation for the Advancement of Tropical Research (WOTRO), Amsterdam, December.

[1995] (with Peter van Rooden and the Max-Planck Institut für Geschichte) Religion and Nationalism,Amsterdam, November.

[1994a] (with Ton Otto and Jose van Santen) International Symposium on Conversion, University of Amsterdam, June

[1994b] Panel on the Anthropology of Religion, EASA conference, Oslo, June

[1994c] (with Gerard Heuze) Panel on Nation and Religion, Modern South Asia Conference, Toulouse, August

[1994d] Symposium on Precept and Practice in Buddhism, Amsterdam, September

[1992] (with G. Welbon) Hinduism Today, Symposium, University of Pennsylvania.

[1991] South Asia Seminar, University of Pennsylvania, on the South Asian Diaspora, Fall 1991, Spring 1992.

[1990] Communalism, Fundamentalism and Religious Activism, panel on the 11th European Conference on Modern South Asian Studies, Amsterdam.

[1989] (with J. Heesterman, H. Kippenberg, and H. Bakker) International symposium on "the sacred centre as the object of political interest", University of Groningen.

[1987] (with R.L. Frykenberg) Workshop on concepts of "Hindu", "Hinduism" and "Hindu Majority": reconsiderations of religious identity in historical context, 16th Annual Conference on South Asia, University of Wisconsin-Madison.