WP_16-02

Recalling modernity: How nationalist memories shape religious diversity in Quebec and Catalonia

by Marian Burchardt

Working Papers WP 16-02
March 2016
ISSN 2192-2357 (MMG Working Papers Print)

Full text: pdf


Abstract:
In this article, I explore how nations without states, or “stateless nations” respond to new forms of religious diversity. Drawing on the cases of Quebec and Catalonia, I do so by tracing the historical emergence of the cultural narratives that are mobilized to support institutional responses to diversity and the way they bear on contemporary controversies. The article builds on recent research and theorizations of religious diversity and secularism, which it expands and specifies by spelling out how preexisting cultural anxieties stemming from fears over national survival are stored in collective memories and, if successfully mobilized, feed into responses to migrationdriven religious diversification. I show that while Quebec and Catalonia were in many ways similarly positioned before the onset of powerful modernization processes and the resurgence of nationalism from the 1960s onwards, their responses to religious diversity differ dramatically.

Keywords: Stateless nations, religious diversity, migration, nationalism, Catalonia, Quebec  


Author:
Marian Burchardt is research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity. His research interests include religious diversity, secularism, transnational migration and globalization. His articles on religious dynamics in Europe and Africa appeared in Sociology of Religion, Comparative Sociology, International Sociology, and the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.