A sustainable accommodation. A comparative study on interruption of pregnancy in Italy, Spain and Mexico (completed)

Tania Pagotto


The research project investigates and compares the right of physicians to refuse to provide interruption of pregnancy on grounds of conscience and religion. The case-study covers three countries with a Catholic majority or a historical Catholic influence: Italy, Spain and Mexico.

The conceptual scenario is located along two main lines. The first one is the need to pursue and maintain pluralism within modern societies, which conscientious objection is an expression of; the second one is the obligation to guarantee access to lawful medical care as a public service.

The project is divided into three main sections.

  • The first section investigates how conscientious objection is construed in each legal order, considering the constitutional level and the relevant regional level of protection of fundamental liberties (the European and the Inter-American Conventions on Human Rights).
  • The second section observes how conscientious objection to interruption of pregnancy in particular is framed in the three countries. Moreover, it describes how the objection movement affects the implementation of the laws.
  • The third and last section proposes some corrections, in light of the construction of a sustainable accommodation of the right to conscientious objection.

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