Refugee law and the governance of religious diversity (completed)

Hans Leaman

Articles 3 and 4 of the 1951 Refugee Convention introduced aspects of refugee protection that had not been a part of inter-war refugee conventions or the Constitution of the International Refugee Organization: contracting states committed not to discriminate among persons seeking refuge on the basis of religion, race, or country of origin (Art. 3), and to accord admitted refugees the same level of freedom to practice their religion and give their children a religious education that their nationals enjoy (Art. 4).  For this project, I inquire into (1) the historical background and rationales for these understudied articles, which affords opportunity to feature the role of religious NGOs and post-war Christian Democratic social thought in the formation of refugee law; and (2) the implications for human rights jurisprudence on religious freedom and host countries' accommodation of increasing religious diversity. 


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