Jewish–Muslim Encounters in Urban Europe: Under Pressure

Workshops, conferences 2024

  • Start: Nov 4, 2024
  • End: Nov 5, 2024
  • Location: Refugio Berlin
 Jewish–Muslim Encounters in Urban Europe: Under Pressure
Final meeting of the ORA joint research project "Muslim-Jewish encounter, diversity & distance in urban Europe: Religion, culture and social model"

- by invitation only -


Muslim–Jewish encounters in urban Europe are shaped by different national histories, different national cultures around the place of religion in social and political life, and by different local arrangements of diversity. Between 2021 and 2023, research conducted in Berlin, Frankfurt, London, Manchester, Paris and Strasbourg by sociologists, anthropologists, urbanists and migration policy experts found a huge range of forms of encounter, across a wide range of domains, both in formal dialogue and interfaith activities and in everyday life. In neighbourhoods where Jews and Muslims dwell, relations are most frequently marked by living “together apart” – side by side but not together. Individuals and groups move rapidly between different modes of relationality: engaging in spontaneous fleeting encounters and interpersonal intimacy, durable and temporary staged encounters, and frequent outbreaks of conflict. But we have also seen that neighbourhood-specific narratives can emerge which promote mixing, and that intimate and mutually productive engagement occurs on the street, in commercial contexts and in the cultural sphere. Community media plays a role in sometimes reinforcing and sometimes challenging the representations of the other that circulate in the mainstream. Key individuals who are able to navigate tensions across lines of difference play a vital role in this. In the period in which our research took place, the political context shifted and intensified, culminating with the Hamas attack on October 7th, 2023 and the ensuing Israel–Gaza war. In this conference, the research findings of the Encounters project set the stage for an exploration by leading academics, activists, and community experts from all three countries of the shifts in encounter dynamics post-October 7th.

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