Curriculum Vitae

Hania Sobhy is a research fellow at MPI-MMG since 2017. Her research is concerned with education, citizenship and contestation. Her current project is a comparative study of diversity, protest and migration in recent educational transformations in Egypt, Lebanon and Tunisia. Her first book, Schooling the Nation (Cambridge University Press- Open Access), dissects the ‘permissive-repressive neoliberalism’ that shapes the differentiated practices of everyday governance and legitimation as manifested in Egypt’s education system. Her recent article in World Development advances a framework for studying ‘The Lived Social Contract’ along the four parameters (4Ps) of protection, provision, participation and the production of hegemony. She completed her studies in political science and economics at McGill and SOAS, was previously based at the IREMAM (Marie Currie COFUND), Freie Universitaet Berlin (EUME Program), and the Orient-Institut Beirut and is affiliated with IRMC in Tunis, OIB in Beirut and CEDEJ in Cairo for her current fieldwork.

Research projects



Sobhy, H. (2023). Schooling the Nation: Education and Everyday Politics in Egypt (1. Aufl.). Cambridge University Press.

Journal Articles

Sobhy, H. (2021). The Lived Social Contract in Schools: From protection to the production of hegemony. World Development, 137, 104986.

Sobhy, H. (2021). Priorities of Educational Investment between Digital Learning and School Infrastructure. Al-Malaf Al-Masry, (79), 5–9.

Sobhy, H. (2016). Educational Crises and the Evolving Social Contract with the Middle Classes. Majalat al-Dimuqratiyya.

Sobhy, H. (2015). Secular Façade, Neoliberal Islamisation: Textbook Nationalism from Mubarak to Sisi. Nations and Nationalism, 21(4), 805–824.

Sobhy, H. (2012). The de-facto privatization of secondary education in Egypt: A study of private tutoring in technical and general schools. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 42(1), 47–67.

Sobhy, H. (2007). Reading Reform into the Past: Power and Islamist Articulations of Muslim History. Quest Journal, (4).

Contributions to a Collected Edition

Sobhy, H. (2019). Old and New Education in Egypt: Pre-University Education Policies and their Impact on Social Justice. In M. El-Agati (Ed.), Public Policies and Social Justice in Egypt. Beirut: Public Policies and Social Justice in Egypt.

Sobhy, H. (2017). Recent Policy Directions in Egyptian Education: Privatization, Curriculum Reform and Teacher Salaries. In Civil Society and Public Policy Formation: Strategies from Morocco and Egypt (S. 34–43). Arab Reform Initiative. Abgerufen von

Sobhy, H. (2009). Amr Khaled and Young Muslim Elites: Islamism and the Consolidation of Mainstream Muslim Piety in Egypt1. In D. Singerman (Hrsg.), Cairo Contested: Governance, Urban Space, and Global Modernity (S. 0). American University in Cairo Press.

Newspaper Articles

Sobhy, H. (2023). «جوايا نور». ورسائل التنوع والتحفيز [Messages of diversity and motivation]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2019). al-Ustath wal-hayawan [The Teacher and the Animal]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2019). Ma’sat al-tablit wa-mu‘dilat al tatwir [The Tablet Crisis and the Dilemmas of Reform]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2018). ‘An al-khibrat al-ajnabiyya wal-Ijabiyat wal-damanat [On Foreign Expertise, Positives and Guarantees]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2018). A-islah bidun mu’alimin. [Reform without Teachers]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2018). Al-durus al-khususiya: hal sayaqdi ‘alaiha nitham al-ta‘lim al jadid? [Private Lessons: Will the New Education System Eliminate Them?]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2018). Hal Nahtaj lil-lugha al-arabiyya? [Do We Need Arabic?]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2018). Hal sananjah bil-tuknulujia? [Will We Make it with Technology?]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2018). Manahij al-ta‘lim al-jadida bayn al-inbihar wal-ihbat [The New Curricula between Awe and Frustration]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2017). Qararat tatwir al-ta‘lim al-wa’ida. tasa’ulat jawhariya [The Promising Education Reform Decisions. Critical Questions]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2016). Hal majlis al-nuwwab musta‘id li-ikhtibar qanun al-ta‘lim al-jadid? [Is parliament ready for the test of a new education law?]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2016). Thawrat al-umahat li-tahsin manahij al-ta‘lim [Mothers’ revolution for curriculum reform]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2015). Al-juthur al-‘amiqa lil-tataruf fil-ta‘lim al-misri [The deep roots of extremism in Egyptian education]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Sobhy, H. (2015). Ma ba‘d al-hathf wal-idafa: kayfa nada‘ manahij did al-tataruf? [Beyond cutting and pasting: How can we develop anti-extremist curricula?]. Al-Shorouk Newspaper. Link

Other Publications

Yee, V. (2023). In Egypt, Public Classrooms Are Empty as Private Tutors Get Rich. The New York Times. Abgerufen von

Sobhy, H. (2023). Reforms for Another Planet: The Global Learning Crisis, Political Drivers and Expert Views on Egypt’s Edu 2.0. Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE).

Sobhy, H. (2020). Violence, Class and Masculinity in Egypt: Gendered Punishment in Cairene Schools. MMG Working Papers, 20(03), 9–34.

Sobhy, H. (2019). Expensive Classrooms, Poor Learning: The Imperatives of Reforming School Construction in Egypt (S. 6–32) [Grundsatzpapier]. Cairo: Alternative Policy Solutions - Marican University of Cairo. Abgerufen von Alternative Policy Solutions - Marican University of Cairo website:

Sobhy, H. (2015). After the Paris attacks, what role for reforming education in the Middle East? [Online-Artikel]. openDemocracy. Abgerufen von openDemocracy website:

Sobhy, H. (2015). “A collapse of formal schooling in Egypt”: Interview with Hania Sobhy (S. Rentsch) [Hypotheses - Onlineartikel]. Abgerufen von

Sobhy, H. (2015). To Get Rid of Extremism in Egyptian Education, Understand Its Roots [Online-Artikel]. Al-Fanar Media. Abgerufen von Al-Fanar Media website:

Sobhy, H. (2015). Article: Mafish Ta‘lim: Why Egypt Ranked Last on Education [The OIBlog from Beirut and Cairo]. Abgerufen 18. Oktober 2023, von OIB_upclose website:

Diab, K. (2011). Egyptian schools are breeding grounds for rebellion. The Guardian. Abgerufen von

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