The research traineeship: conducting participant observation in state organisations
by Maria Schiller
Working Papers WP 15-12
ISSN 2192-2357 (MMG Working Papers Print)
Full text: pdf
State organisations have long been regarded as an impossible field for ethnographers. It was difficult to get access and preconceived notions of the state kept critical scholars from taking a closer and empathic look at its workings. As anthropologists take a reinvigorated interest in state organisations, new questions emerge as to how to set up participant observation in state organisations and what opportunities and challenges arise for the ethnographer in their relationships with state officials. Drawing on my own fieldwork notes from participant observations conducted in municipal organisations in Amsterdam, Antwerp and Leeds in 2009-10, this paper introduces the method of the ‘research traineeship’. The research traineeship entails being open to playing multiple roles as an ethnographer, and allows for new forms of relationships emerge during the fieldwork. Research traineeships involve analyzing the evolving relationships and moments of collaboration between researcher and researched and using this analysis as an important element of the epistemic knowledge production. While collaboration with research subjects who share similar intellectual or analytical capabilities is often depicted in idealised ways, I will focus in this paper on some of the opportunities and challenges of collaboration in state organisations.