FRANCK DÜVELL, PhD, is head of the migration department at the new German Centre for Integration and Migration Research (DeZIM), Berlin (since 2018). Previously, he was associate professor and senior researcher at the Centre for Migration, Policy and Society at the University of Oxford. Franck is an expert on refugee, irregular and transit migration and migration governance, specifically in the EU and its neighbourhood. He has also worked for the International Centre for Migration Policy Development, SEO Amsterdam Economics, the Nicolaas Witsen Foundation, the University of Exeter and University of Bremen and did consultancies for the IOM, OSCE, and World Bank and provided evidence to the EU Council, the Council of Europe, the British parliament, the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management and many others. He has published 10 books and over 50 peer-reviewed articles.